четвъртък, 29 март 2012 г.

Political and Legal Doctrines. (Basic Aspects of Political and Legal Genesis)

Instead of an Introduction

Introduction is usually a small nonsense, which prepares the reader for the bigger one; it is written only at the end, printed at the very beginning and is not readable by anyone either at the beginning or at the end, if ever anyone would be interested to read any book . Introduction is a text area in which the author justifies what he intended to make trying implicitly to convince someone (as a rule, mainly himself) that really did it, being not aware that as a rule this is not so.

And then in an age like ours, which is primarily a scene of mass and visual culture, where not only almost everyone is claiming knowledge of almost everything, but almost everyone writes about everything, almost nobody reads anything, writing of such voluminous book undoubtedly and in advance makes it almost unreadable.

Thus, in the light of the above, once I wrote the book, at least in my view and at least for me it turned out that one of the hardest things to write in a book is precisely the Introduction.

Why I wrote this voluminous book?

There is a version whereby when Euripides presented a drama and the Athenians asked him to discard a number of texts which are not liked by them, he answered that he wrote all this to teach them, and not they to teach him. I, however, I have no a drop reason to even say such a thing, not for another, but simply because when more than 35 (thirty five) years I started to write this book, I undertook this initiative with a single objective, namely : to teach myself. And all the while as I have written I have had the superb understanding that it is absolutely inseparable from my personal life, and that while writing the book I wrote my fate, and vice versa - while writing my fate - I wrote the book.

And for me it was because I lived (and, quite firmly I am still living!) at a time when the type of precisely this political and legal knowledge contained in this book, is perceived by the ruling in Bulgarian society political and legal paradigm as extremely dangerous for it, and hence it (the knowledge)becomes extremely dangerous to the holder of knowledge itself, i.e. myself.

In this connection, let me just mention in passing that from the declassified archives of the Bulgarian State Security is apparent clear that once the secret services became aware that I write something in this area, for more than ten years they have taken several top secret plans and have taken separate concrete operational measures to try to get if not all, at least part of the texts written by me1. That is why even today I am absolutely positive that if I chose another paradigm of interpreting the same phenomena which are interpreted here, then my personal fate would have been quite different.

That is why ultimately I would leave open the question: "Would this voluminous book have some other value to someone else, than that it has for me?"
__________

1 Although certain types of readers (and especially - from the related mechanisms of the criminal communist system) would complain that what I will mention here could be defined as at least "non-academic, I will still mention it since the incident is inextricably linked and it is extremely important as part of the very history of this book, as well as the deepest essence of the practical and theoretical knowledge that I acquired over the years through the contact with the special institutions of the political and legal system without which skills and with scientific theses developed here today in this voluminous series would have a one-sided and "meagre" nature.

When in February 1984 I have definitely knew that my arrest is very imminent, I complete two copies of this book with two copies of "Alphabetic truths” and buried them in two different places in our property in my native village - one in floor of a room of the house and the other – in the floor of the building, which holds hay for livestock. When in May 1984 they arrested me, for several months investigators very strongly wanted me to "make confession" as to in which Western embassy I gave these books manuscripts or where I hid them, and I persistently argued that I have not written anything like that and nothing I'm hiding, but so far, though, really, I spoke to different people that I wrote such books, it was a bluff, through which I wanted to create work for the secret services not to be bored, and they must be grateful to me as those of my "stories" have served as an occasion to open new highly paid jobs and retention of more officers from the Secret Service, and so actually I've been kind of their employer. When in August 1984 the investigators almost stopped me for questioning the manuscripts of these books, I suddenly played out theatre with the "confession" and explained that in February, when everything was frozen, I was packed the manuscripts and buried them in the laystall where we throw the livestock manure, but that in March when the snow was already melted, I excavated them, and once I saw that they were imbued with the bath water, I threw them back to the dumpster, where they remained .

Right to meeting with my parents I received only in April 1985, and then my father (from whom I inherited exactly my jocular inclination) in the presence of an officer of State Security (who necessarily attended during the visiting), in theatrical manner thanked me for that though missing, I have taken care to help him in carrying out an agricultural operation, as I have asked officers of the special services grubbing garbage dump, thanks to which is secured the process of so-called "overcooking" of the manure without which process the manure would be not fit for fertilization of agriculture plants...




Political and Legal Doctrines.
(Basic Aspects of Political and Legal Genesis),
Vol. 1. The Ancient East
. – Sofia, Ianus, 2006. – 486 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 954-8550-42-3 (Том 1)


Contents
Instead of an Introduction 8

Chapter I. Political and legal doctrines of Mesopotamia 11

§ 1. The most common characteristic of the first
and the oldest civilization in the world 11
1. Inception of the Mesopotamian civilization 11
2. Mesopotamian religion and mythology 18
3. Mesopotamian writing, literature and science 32
4. Social stratification and everyday life 38
5. War as a way of life of the first civilization 40

§ 2. Power management system and state in Mesopotamia 45
1. Emergence and establishment of urban civilization
and statehood 45
2. Ruler 50
3. Council (National Assembly) 54
4. Babylon 64
5. Assyria 72
6. Accad 79
7. Hattie 80

§ 3. Origin and development of written law in Mesopotamia 87
1. Reasons for emerging of Mesopotamian law and its role
in human culture 87
2. Genre characteristic of Mesopotamian law 94
3. Specific characteristics of Mesopotamian law 97
4. Social structure and law in Mesopotamia 101
5. The notion of so-called ME and its role 108

§ 4. Divination in Mesopotamia 111

§ 5. Asian mode of production and typology
of primary fire-sides of statehood
and civilization in Mesopotamia 119

Chapter II. Political and legal doctrines
of Ancient Egypt 126

§ 1. Formation and Development
of Ancient Egyptian statehood 126
1. Historical sources and chronology 126
2. Theoretical aspects of formation
of the ancient Egyptian statehood 136
§ 2. Ancient Egyptian religion 141
1. The earliest forms of ancient Egyptian religion 141
2. Leading aspects of ancient Egyptian religion 146

§ 3. Political views in Ancient Egypt 163
1. The power of Pharaoh 163
2. Other lordly positions in Ancient Egypt 174
3. Political oratory 176

§ 4. Law and Justice in Ancient Egypt 179
1. Early research on ancient Egyptian law 179
2. System of justice and substance of law
in Ancient Egypt 180

§ 5. The relationship of the ancient Egyptian religion
and culture with European ancient world,
Judaism and Christianity 193
1. Relationship with the European ancient world 193
2. The connection to Judaism 195
3. Relationship with Christianity 196

Chapter III. Political and legal doctrines
of Ancient Iran 201

§ 1. The main focus of Ancient Iran’s
socio-political developments 201
1. Pre-ahemenid’s era 201
2. Ahemenid’s dynasty era 205
3. Post-ahemenid’s era 224

§ 2. Religion, political doctrine and law of ancient Iran 229
1. Zoroastrianism 229
2. Mithraism 253
3. Manichaeism 263
4. Nestorianism 274

[b]Chapter IV. Political and legal doctrines
of Judea 277
§ 1. Key highlights from ethnic,
religious and state Jews history 277
1. Beginning 277
2. Conquest of Canaan and the time of the judges 284
3. The House of David and revitalized Judea 289
4. Under the Greek government 297
5. Again, an independent Judea 299
6. Judea during the Roman Empire 302
7. Jews in Babylon 312
8. Jews in Arabia 316
§ 2. Jewish Biblical Studies 318
§ 3. Essence of Jewish law 350
§ 4. Jewish doctrine of power, state and individual 357

[b]Chapter V. Political and legal doctrines
of Ancient China 374
§ 1. Main points of the socio -
history of Ancient China 374
1. Beginning 374
2. State and empire of the dynasty
Chzhau (Zhou), also called the Qing Dynasty (Blue) 379
3. Empire of the Han Dynasty 383
4. The ancient Chinese emperors and their functions 384
5. National Assembly in Ancient China 388
6. Indigenous nature of Chinese civilization
and its alternativeness to the European 389

§ 2. Socio-political and legal views
of Ancient China 393
1. Mythology 393
2. Shamanism 396
3. Historiography 402
4. Teachings of Gun-chzhou 407
5. Teachings of legism 409
6. Teachings of Lao Tszi and daosism 422
7. Teachings of Confucius and confucianism 431
8. Teachings of Mo-Di and moism 460
9. Teachings of Buddhism 468

§ 3. Basic principles and specificity
of Ancient Chinese law 471

Chapter VI. Political and legal doctrines
of Ancient India 477

§ 1. Major historical, cultural and civilizing
dimensions of ancient Indian society 477
1. Historical notes 477
2. Vedic philosophy 479
3. Brahmanism 483
4. Shramanism 484
5. Bhagavadgitta 487
6. Schools of Indian philosophy 488
7. Hinduism 502

§ 3. Main sources of socio-political
and legal views of ancient Indian society 504
1. Buddhism and power 504
2. Manu Laws 516
3. "Arthashastra” 519

§ 4. Main conceptual dimensions
the socio-political and legal thought
of Ancient India 527
1. Ancient Indian model of organization of society 527
2. Concepts of world order and organization
public relations 529
3. The concept of political power 539
4. Politics and morality, personality and society 544
5. Specifics of the ancient Indian law 545

Chapter VII. Politico-legal status
and views of Hunnish Empire 547

§ 1. Formation of the economy of Hunnish society
and its state system 547

§ 2. Hunnish structure of society and state 558

§ 3. Socio-political system and organization
of power in Hunnish Empire 561

§ 4. Great Migration of Peoples
and Hunnish substrate 567

Sources 569



Political and Legal Doctrines.
Basic Aspects of Political and Legal Genesis.
Vol. 2. Ancient Europe. Greece.
- Sofia, Ianus, 2006. – 452 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 954-8550-43-1 (Том 2)


Contents

§ 1. Cultural and social event state
and validation of Ancient Greece 5
§ 2. Religion of Ancient Greece 14
§ 3. Mythology of Ancient Greece 36
§ 4. Homer's epic 45
§ 5. Hesiod's epic 73
§ 6. Creativity of the Seven Sages 90
§ 7. Aesop 98
§ 8. Teognid 107
§ 9. Pisistrat 111
§ 10. Pythagoras 126
§ 11. Heraclitus 133
§ 12. Aeschylus 136
§ 13. Anaxagoras 154
§ 14. Hyperbole 158
§ 15. Sophocles 166
§ 16. Euripides 182
§ 17. Aristophanes 186
§ 18. Herodotus 194
§ 19. Sophists 202
§ 20. Democritus 208
§ 21. Socrates 218
§ 22. Chrittias 261
§ 23. Thucydides 274
§ 24. Lyssias 279
§ 25. Isocrates 287
§ 26. Xenophon 296
§ 27. Plato 310
§ 28. Diogenes of Synops 336
§ 29. Aristotle 340
§ 30. Alexander Macedonians 378
§ 31. Demosthenes 399
§ 32. Evgemer 404
§ 33. Epicurus 405
§ 34. Stoicism and skepticism 418
§ 35. Institute of ostracism 422
§ 36. Political role of masses 441
§ 37. The evolution of the outlook for freedom
and Political Violence in Ancient Greece 453
§ 38. Persianism in political life of Ancient Greece 463
§ 39.Complement: Political and Legal Ideas
of Ancient Thrace 469


Political and Legal Doctrines.
Basic Aspects of Political and Legal genesis
Vol. 3. Ancient Europe. Rome.
– Sofia, Ianus, 2006. – 412 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 954-8550-44-х (Том 3)



Contents

§ 1. Origin and Development of Ancient Rome 5
§ 2. Religion and Mythology of Ancient Rome 27
§ 3. Character and historical significance of Roman culture
and socio-political phenomenon 32
§ 4. "First steps" of Roman culture 35
§ 5. Cato 44
§ 6. Quintus Ennius 50
§ 7. Cultural and political circle of Scipio 61
§ 8. Polybius 77
§ 9. Cicero 105
§ 10. Diodorus Siculus 129
§ 11. Julius Caesar 130
§ 12. Lucretius 141
§ 13. Guy Salustius Crisp 149
§ 14. Virgil 162
§ 15. Horace 183
§ 16. Strabo 204
§ 17. Livy 206
§ 18. Propertius 208
§ 19. Ovid 210
§ 20. Dionysius Halicarnatii 217
§ 21. Petronius 218
§ 22. Seneca the Elder 220
§ 23. Seneca Young 225
§ 24. Kvintilian 230
§ 25. Josephus 232
§ 26. Marcus Annaeus Onions 249
§ 27. Plutarch 254
§ 28. Epictetus 267
§ 29. Cornelius Tacitus 269
§ 30. Pliny the Younger 281
§ 31. Gaius Suetonius Trankvil 285
§ 32. Appian Alexandria 287
§ 33. Marcus Aurelius 290
§ 34. John the Baptist 300
§ 35. Jesus Christ and Christianity 308
§ 36. Aval Gellius 399
§ 37. Justin 401
§ 38. Tertullian 402
§ 39. Orig 404
§ 40. Plotinus 405
§ 41. Ammian Marcellin 407
§ 42. Flavius Claudius Julian 409
§ 43. Quintus Aurelius Sima 411
§ 44. Aurelius Augustine 413
§ 45. Olimpiodor Theban 417
§ 46. Paul Orozii 420
§ 47. Sext Aurelius Victor 423
§ 48. Acoustic nature of the ancient Roman
philosophical and political thought 425
§ 49. To the question of the ancient teachings
the best form of state structure 430
§ 50. To the question of the ancient doctrine of the ideal citizen 435
§ 51. To the question of the ancient doctrine of the ideal ruler 441
§ 52. Roman socio-political utopianism 451
§ 53. Sacred-political function of gladiatorship 460
§ 54. Roman empire and imperial power 466



Political and Legal Doctrines.
Basic Aspects of Political and Legal genesis
Vol. 4. Middle Ages,
Book 1. Orient. Byzantium.
– Sofia, Ianus, 2007. – 230 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 978-954-8550-61-1


Contents

Chapter I. The question of the chronological limits
of the Middle Ages 5

Chapter II. Political and legal doctrines
of the Orient 12

§ 1. Orient and its "guidance" 12
1. Arab Orient before Islam 14
2. Mohammed before Hizhdra 16
3. Mohammed after Hizhdra 22
4. The Islamic world after Mohammed 26

§ 2. Sectarian and intellectual phenomena in Islam 33
1. Haridzhism 33
2. Shiism 34
3. Sufism 34
4. Philosophy 35
5. Science 36
6. Literature 36
7. Art 37

§ 3. Islamic Law 38
1. Religious nature of Islamic law 38
2. The political nature of Islamic law 44
3. Anthropological essence of Islamic Law 50
4. The legal nature of Islamic law 53
5. Subjects of Islamic law 68
6. Legal facts 70
7. The parameters of Islamic rule 73
8. Values protected by Islamic law 81
9. Crime and punishment in Islamic law 85
10. Some comparative aspects 90

§ 4. Rationalistic social and political
concepts of Oriental thinkers 96


Chapter III. Political and legal doctrines
of Byzantium 105

§ 1. Origin and Development of Byzantium 105
1. Reasons and conditions for the emergence
of the Byzantine Empire 105
2. Historical development of the Byzantine State 110
3. Historical development of Byzantine 119


§ 2. Nature of political and legal
ideas and exercises in Byzantium 122
1. Genesis and nature of Bysantism 122
2. Aryanism 154
3. Atanasism 157
4. Nestorianism 162
5. Monophysitism 163
6. Iconoclasm 164
7. John Filopon 165
8. Leontiy Byzantine 166
9. "Areopagitka” 166
10. Maximus the Confessor 168
11. John of Damascus 169
12. Paulikyanism 170
13. Patriarch Photios 171
14. Leo the Mathematician 179
15. Konstantin-Michael Psellos 179
16. Hesychasm 183
17. Calabrian Barlaam 184
18. Georg Chemist Plifon 184
19. Philosophical thought in Byzantium 185
20. Byzantine law 189
21. Eastern and Western Christianity 206


Political and Legal Doctrines.
Basic Aspects of Political and Legal Genesis.
Vol. 5. Middle Ages. Book 2. Russia.
– Sofia, Ianus, 2007. – 744 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov-Velyovski
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 978-954-8550-62-8


Contents

Chapter IV. Political and legal doctrines
of Medieval Russia

§ 1. Nature of political and legal ideas
exercises in Kiev’s Russia 9
1. Introduction 9
2. The concept of "Russian land” 14
3. The concept of the divine origin
of prince's power 15
4. Hillarion of Kiev 20
5. Vladimir Monomach 26
6. Daniel Zatochnik 29

§ 2. Nature of political and legal ideas
and doctrines of Moscow’s Russia 31
1. Some highlights from historical and
political genesis of Moscow’s Russia 31
2. Kiev’s genesis of Moscow’s Russia 34
3. The Roman origin
of the Russian princes 36
4. Monks from behind Volga
for "selflessness" 38
5. Joseph Volotski 46
6. "The Russian Pravda” 49
7. Prince Ivan III 51
8. Pskov’s monk Filotei 54
9. Fedor Karpov 57
10. Zinoviy Otenski 59
11. Ivan S. Peresvetov 63
12. Ivan IV the Terrible 65
13. Andrei Kurbski 69
14. Ivan Timofeev 72
15. Protopop Avvakum 74
16. Latin and Greek "schools” 76
17. Afanasiy Ordin-Nashchokin 84
18. Metropolitan Stefan Yavorski 85
19. Archbishop Theophanes Prokopovich 86
20. Peter I the Great 92
21. Vasily N. Tatishchev 96
22. Ivan Pososhkov 99
23. Antiochus Kantemir 102
24. Condition of 1730 103
25. Catherine II 107
26. Michael Shcherbatov 113
27. Dmitry Golitsin 118
28. Semyon Desnitski 120
29. Nikolay I. Novikov 124
30. Alexander Radishchev 126
31. Vasily Malinovsky 131
32. Michael Speranski 131
33. Nikolay Karamzin 139
34. Emperor Alexander I 144
35. Decembrist revolt 150
36. Sergei Uvarov 157
37. Nikolay Turgenev 159
38. Gavril Batenkov 160
39. Peter Chaadaev 162
40. Alexander Pushkin 167
41. Orest Novitskiy 182
42. Alexander Homyakov 184
43. Ivan Kireevski 191
44. Nikolay Gogol 196
45. Constantine Kavelin 197
46. Timofey Granovski 202
47. Michael Pogodin 206
48. Stepan Shevairyov 210
49. Fedor Tyutchev 212
50. Constantine Nevolin 215
51. Vissarion Belinski 222
52. Alexander Herzen 225
53. Nikolay Ogaryov 228
54. Nikolay Stankevich 230
55. Pavel Annenkov 231
56. Mikhail Bakunin 232
57. Aksakov father and brothers 241
58. Constantine Kavelin 244
59. Mikhail Katkov 246
60. Yuri Samarium 247
61. Sergei Solovyov 248
62. Fyodor Dostoevsky 252
63. Michael Butashevich-Petrashevski 282
64. Apollon Grigoryev 283
65. Nikolay Danilevski 284
66. Pyotr Lavrov 296
67. Rostislav Фадеев 300
68. Alexander Stronin 300
69. Constantine Pobedonostsev 303
70. Boris Chicherin 304
71. Nicholay Strahov 317
72. Nikolay Chernyshevsky 318
73. Leo Tolstoy 329
74. Victor Kudryavtsev-Platonov 338
75. Konstantin Leontiev 342
76. Nikolay Nelidov 352
77. Nicholay Khlebnikov 356
78. Dmitry Pissarev 358
79. Basil Klyuchevski 359
80. Nikolay Petkov 360
81. Pyotr Kropotkin 364
82. Eugene de Roberti 371
83. Peter Tkachyov 376
84. Sergei Vittae 383
85. Nikolay Kareev 384
86. Maxim Kovalevski 391
87. Vladimir Solovyov 396
88. Nicholay Korkunov 405
89. Nikolay Morozov 407
90. Vasily Rozanov 411
91. George Plehanoff 412
92. Alexander Bashmakov 414
93. Robert Vipper 416
94. Act of 1861 repealing the law
of serfdom 420
95. Pyotr Stolypin 428
96. Sergei Trubetskoy 431
97. Yevgeny Trubetskoy 432
98. Lapo-Danilevski 436
99. Mikhail Tugan-Baranovski 437
100. Paul Novgorodtsev 439
101. Joseph Petkov 448
102. Lev Petrazhitski 450
103. Maxim Gorky 453
104. Bogdan Kistyakovski 455
105. Piotr Struve 460
106. Vladimir Lenin 464
107. Sergei Bulgakov 472
108. Alexander Bogdanov-Malinovsky 480
109. Victor Tchernov 484
110. Nikolay Berdyaev 487
111. Eugene Spektorski 496
112. Semyon Frank 497
113. Alexander Yashchenko 502
114. Gustav Shpetim 504
115. Nikolay Alexeyev 506
116. Joseph Stalin 508
117. Leon Trotsky 524
118. Peter Bitsilli 527
119. Alexander Sakketi 529
120. Lev Karsavin 532
121. Ivan Ilyin 534
122. Ivan Kinkel 543
123. Georgy Fedotov 544
124. Nikolay Timashyov 554
125. Pitirim Sorokin 558
126. Nikolay Ustryalov 567
127. Nikolay Trubetskoy 568
128. Ivan Solonevich 570
129. Nikolay Kondratiev 573
130. Aleskey Losev 577
131. George Florovski 585
132. Georges Gurvich 589
133. Nikita Khrushchev 592
134. Pyotr Savitski 596
135. Alexander Chizhevski 604
136. Vladimir Nabokov 605
137. Alexander Kozhev 607
138. Leonid Brezhnev 610
139. Pyotr Grigorenko 614
140. Yuri Andropov 616
141. Alexander Solzhenitsyn 617
142. Andrei Sakharov 634
143. Nikolay Poltoratski 637
144. Alexander Zinoviev 638
145. Igor Shafarevich 640
146. Roy Medvedev 642
147. Anatoly Butenko 644
148. Dmitri Volkogonov 646
149. Alexander Janov 647
150. Boris Yeltsin 648
151. Mikhail Gorbachev 651
152. Nikolay Hrenov 662
153. Vladimir Bukovsky 664
154. Vladimir Putin 667
155. Dmitry Medvedev 669
156. Slavophiles, Occidentalism
and Pan-Slavism 670
157. "Russian idea" 686
158. Eurasianism 707
159. Die-hard reactionary 712
160. Smenovehovstvo 715
161. Russian nihilism 716
152. Russian liberalism 719
163. Russian "Silver Age" 721
164. On the specifics of Russia's
political and legal culture 727
165. Socio-portrait touches to the image
of Soviet and post-Soviet man 733
Instead of conclusion:
"Third Rome", "Second Europe"
or "Third World" 736



Political and Legal Doctrines.
Basic Aspects of Political and Legal Genesis.
Vol. 6. Middle Ages. Book 3. Western Europe.
– Sofia, Ianus, 2007. – 477 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov-Velyovski
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 978-954-8550-62-8


Contents


Chapter V. Political and legal doctrines
of Medieval Western Europe

§ 1. Of the patristic era 6
§ 2. Boethius 8
§ 3. Gregory Turkish 14
§ 4. Carolingian Renaissance 18
§ 5. Anselm of Canterbury 27
§ 6. Arnold of Brescia 29
§ 7. Pierre Abelard 32
§ 8. Bernard de Clairvaux 37
§ 9. Pierre Lombard 39
§ 10. John of Salisbury 40
§ 11. Franciscus Assiensis 43
§ 12. Berthold of Regensburg 47
§ 13. Henry de Bracton 55
§ 14. Roger Bacon 57
§ 15. Giovanni Bonaventura 61
§ 16. Thomas Aquinas 63
§ 17. Boetius Dacos 88
§ 18. Raimundus Lullius 89
§ 19. Siger de Brabant 90
§ 20. Jean de Paris 92
§ 21. Dante Alighieri 95
§ 22. Marsilius of Padua 108
§ 23. William Occam 112
§ 24. Petrarca 123
§ 25. Giovanni Boccaccio 130
§ 26. John Wycliffe 135
§ 27. Geoffrey Chaucer 143
§ 28. Jan Hus 144
§ 29. Tito Livio Frulovisi 154
§ 30. Nicholai de Cusa 160
§ 31. Leon Battista Alberti 163
§ 32. Lorenzo Valla 173
§ 33. Matteo Palmieri 177
§ 34. Joan of Arc 179
§ 35. Girolamo Savonarola 183
§ 36. Sebastian Brant 190
§ 37. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola 191
§ 38. Thomas Murner 192
§ 39. Desiderius Erasmus 193
§ 40. Niccolo Machiavelli 205
§ 41. Thomas Moore 221
§ 42. Francesco Gvichardini 228
§ 43. Martin Luther 229
§ 44. Francisco de Vitoria 239
§ 45. Ulrich von Huten 240
§ 46. Thomas Muntzer 242
§ 47. Queen Marguerite de Navarre 246
§ 48. Francois Rabelais 248
§ 49. Philip Melanchton 250
§ 50. Thomas Starkey 251
§ 51. Sebastian Frank 256
§ 52. Charles V Habsburg 257
§ 53. Michel Nostradamus 261
§ 54. Michel de L’Hopital 271
§ 55. Jean Calvin 271
§ 56. Antonio Francesco Doni 282
§ 57. François Autman 282
§ 58. Etienne de Laboesi 284
§ 59. Jean Bodin 287
§ 60. Michel de Montaigne 313
§ 61. Miguel de Cervantes 316
§ 62. Edward Coke 325
§ 63. Francis Bacon 327
§ 64. Christopher Marlowe 331
§ 65. William Shakespeare 335
§ 66. Tommazo Campanella 340
§ 67. Hugo Grotius 356
§ 68. Robert Filmer 385
§ 69. The fate of Roman law 386
§ 70. Inquisition 394
§ 71. The discovery of the New World 400
§ 72. University 402
§ 73. Science 407
§ 74. Chivalry 425
§ 75. God's court 429
§ 76. Gender vision of the Middle Ages 436
§ 77. Courtesy vassalage 442
§ 78. Humanism and the Renaissance 446
§ 79. Reformation 464



Political and Legal Doctrines.
Basic Aspects of Political and Legal Genesis.
Vol. 7. The New Time. Book 1.
– Sofia, Ianus, 2007. – 448 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov-Velyovski
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 978-954-8550-65-9

Contents

§ 1. The question of content and chronological
parameters of modern times 7
§ 2. Jakob Böhm 7
§ 3. John Smith 10
§ 4. New English colonial theocracy 13
§ 5. Cardinal Richelieu 32
§ 6. Thomas Hobbes 38
§ 7. Pierre Gassendi 51
§ 8. Rene Descartes 54
§ 9. Oliver Cromwell 59
§ 10. Pierre Korney 62
§ 11. John Milton 67
§ 12. Gerard Uinstenli 78
§ 13. James Harrington 79
§ 14. Antoine Arnault 98
§ 15. François Laroshfuko 100
§ 16. John Lilbarn 107
§ 17. Jean-Baptiste Colbert 116
§ 18. Savinen Cyrano de Bergerac 118
§ 19. La Fontaine 120
§ 20. Jean Baptiste Moliere 123
§ 21. Blaise Pascal 135
§ 22. Benedict Baruch Spinoza 138
§ 23. John Locke 150
§ 24. Samuel von Pufendorf 165
§ 25. Louis XIV 169
§ 26. Racine 176
§ 27. Isaac Newton 178
§ 28. Jean de Labryuier 184
§ 29. Francois de Bobbins 190
§ 30. Gottfried Leibniz 191
§ 31. Pierre Bale 196
§ 32. Tomaziy Christians 198
§ 33. Daniel Defoe 205
§ 34. Jean Meli 210
§ 35. Jonathan Swift 212
§ 36. Dzhambatista Vico 217
§ 37. Bernard Mandevil 226
§ 38. John Toland 227
§ 39. Anthony Sheftsbari 230
§ 40. Richard Styles 231
§ 41. Kristiyan Wolf 234
§ 42. George Berkeley 241
§ 43. Charles Louis Montesquieu 244
§ 44. Francis Hatchesan 262
§ 45. Voltaire Fransois 264
§ 46. Benjamin Franklin 273
§ 47. Gabriel Bono de Mabli 275
§ 48. Julien Ofre Lametri 279
§ 49. Thomas Reid 283
§ 50. David Hume 285
§ 51. Jean-Jacques Rousseau 294
§ 52. Denis Diderot 301
§ 53. Helvetius Claude-Adrien 308
§ 54. Leger-Marie Deschamps 310
§ 55. Jean D'Alamber 313
§ 56. Adam Ferguson 316
§ 57. Paul Henri Holbah 319
§ 58. Adam Smith 322
§ 59. Immanuel Kant 328
§ 60. Anne Robert Jacques Turgo 342
§ 61. Edmund Burke 345
§ 62. Ephraim Lessing Gothold 352
§ 63. Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais 357
§ 64. George Washington 361
§ 65. William Pallet 366
§ 66. Edward Gibbon 370
§ 67. Thomas Paine 372
§ 68. Cesare Bekaria 378
§ 69. Marquis de Sade 380
§ 70. Jean-Paul Marat 388
§ 71. Jean-Antoine Nicholas Condorcet 390
§ 72. Thomas Jefferson 393
§ 73. Alexander Kaliostro 396
§ 74. Johann Gottfried Herder 401
§ 75. Jeremy Bentham 408
§ 76. Emmanuel-Joseph Abbot Sieyes 417
§ 77. Honore Gabriel Riqueti de Mirabeau 423
§ 78. Johann Wolfgang Goethe 425
§ 79. James Madison 433



Political and Legal Doctrines.
Basic Aspects of Political and Legal Genesis.
Vol. 8. The New Time. Book 2.
–Sofia, Ianus, 2009. – 421 pp.
Bulgarian
First Edition
Author: Ianko Nikolov Iankov-Velyovski
Editor: Nikolay Vladimirov Mihaylov
Dimensions: 70 х 100/16
Published by: IANUS Publishing Company
ISBN 978-954-8550-66-6


Contents

§ 80. Joseph de Maistre (1753/1754-1821) 10
§ 81. Dugald Stewart (1753-1828) 22
§ 82. Talleyrand-Perigord (1754-1838) 27
§ 83. Georg Forster (1754-1794) 28
§ 84. Louis Gabriel de Bonald (1754-1840) 34
§ 85. Couthon Georges (1755-1794) 38
§ 86. Marie-Antoinette (1755-1793) 39
§ 87. William Godwin (1756-1836) 41
§ 88. Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804) 47
§ 89. Pierre Cabanis (1757-1808) 49
§ 90. Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) 52
§ 91. Monroe (1758-1831) 56
§ 92. Jean-Joseph Mounier (1758-1806) 58
§ 93. Joseph Fouche(1759-1820) 63
§ 94. Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805) 67
§ 95. Georges Jacques Danton (1759-1794) 91
§ 96. Friedrich August Wolf (1759 - 1824) 93
§ 97. Saint-Simon (1760-1825) 96
§ 98. Gracchus Babeuf (1760-1797) 100
§ 99. Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814) 102
§ 100. Andre Chenier (1762-1794) 108
§ 101. Gustav von Hugo (1764-1844) 110
§ 102. Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834) 111
§ 103. Madame de Stael (1766-1817) 115
§ 104. Maine de Biran (1766-1824) 118
§ 105. Benjamin Constant (1767-1830) 122
§ 106. Wilhelm Humboldt (1767-1835) 128
§ 107. Louis Antoine Saint-Just (1767-1794) 134
§ 108. Schlegel brothers(1767-1845) 141
§ 109. Friedrich Shleiermacher (1768-1834) 143
§ 110. François Chateaubriand (1768-1848) 147
§ 111. Napoleon I Bonaparte (1769-1821) 150
§ 112. G. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831) 157
§ 113. Robert Owen (1771-1858) 169
§ 114. David Ricardo (1772-1823) 172
§ 115. Charles Fourier (1772-1837) 176
§ 116. Anton Thibaut (1772-1840) 180
§ 117. Jean Sismondi (1773-1842) 183
§ 118. Metternich (1773-1859) 187
§ 119. Fridrich Schelling (1775-1854) 190
§ 120. Rottek Karl von (1775-1840) 194
§ 121. Barthold Niebuhr (1776-1831) 196
§122. George Bramall (1778-1840) 198
§123. Friеdrich Carl von Savigny (1779-1861) 200
§ 124. Karl Ritter (1779-1859) 202
§ 125. Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1830) 204
§ 126. Karl Krause (1781-1832) 205
§ 127. Robert de Lamennais (1782-1854) 207
§ 128. Stendhal (1783-1842) 210
§ 129. François Guizot (1787-1874) 214
§ 130. Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) 227
§ 131. Etienne Cabet (1788-1856) 239
§ 132. James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851) 243
§ 133. The French Revolution 247
§ 134. John Austin (1790-1859) 304
§ 135. de Lamartine (1790-1869) 307
§ 136. Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) 312
§ 137. Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) 320
§ 138. Auguste Compte (1798-1857) 328
§ 139. John Gray (1798-1850) 339
§ 140. Jules Michelet (1798-1874) 340
§ 141. Johann Torbek (1798-1872) 345
§ 142. Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855) 346
§ 143. Georg Puchta (1798-1846) 349
§ 144. Honore de Balzac (1799-1850) 351
§ 145. Thomas Makoley (1800-1859) 356
§ 146. Frederic Bastiat (1801-1850) 358
§ 147. Hippolyte Carnot (1801 - 1888) 360
§ 148. Victor Hugo (1802-1885) 362
§ 149. Theodor Dezami (1803-1850) 372
§ 150. Ludwig Foyerbah (1804-1872) 373
§ 151. Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881) 376
§ 152. Louis Auguste Blanqui (1805-1881) 379
§ 153. Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) 381
§ 154. Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872) 387
§ 155. Johann Karl Rodbertus (1805-1875) 392
§ 156. Joseph Smith (1805-1844) 394
§ 157. Max Shtirner (1806-1856) 395
§ 158. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) 402
§ 159. Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) 409
§ 160. Johann Droyzen (1808-1884) 411
§ 161. Wilhelm Veytling (1808-1871) 413
§ 162. Napoleon III Bonaparte (1808-1873) 414
§ 163. Pierre-Joseph Prudon (1809-1865) 426
§ 164. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) 435

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